zu + infinitive

This page was last edited on 14 December 2019, at 02:56. If not, use a dass-clause. inf. You could also express it with a dass-clause: We can only use infinitive + zu when the subject in the subordinate clause isn't important or it's obvious from the context. This now gives us the following sentence: GapFillTyping_MTY0Mzc= learning target. We often use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier after indefinite pronouns: When I am travelling I always take something to read. Aim of this topic is to speak about "infinitive + to" -structures. Here you have to use a dass-clause, since the subject is different in the two halves of the sentence. Examples with identical accusative or dative objects: The accusative object is identical to the subject in the subordinate clause: The dative object is identical to the subject in the subordinate clause: If the subject of the subordinate clause isn't in the main clause, you cannot use zu + infinitive. I'm here to see her. I will "try" to score. All verbs that have a dass-clause complement: All verbs that can be followed by a dass-clause: "Sein" / "finden" + adjective and "haben" + noun: If the subject in the second half of the sentence is obvious, use infinitive + zu. If it is in the main clause and it's clear from the context, you can and SHOULD use zu + infinitive. Infinitive phrases contain a verb in infinitive form (not conjugated) along with the word "zu" ⇒ infinitive with zu. It is all written together as one word. Infinitive phrases are subordinate clauses. Almost always true: haben/sein + adjective + infinitive + zu (dass-clause almost never possible) // finden + adjective (dass-clause usually possible). The infinitive form fahren happens to look the same in this particular case. There are also some infinitive constructions that also use the infintive form. Nouns with to-infinitive 1. If I want to express that somebody else will speak perfect German soon, I can not use zu + infinitive. Das Fenster ist zu The window is closed. Ich bin hier, um sie zu sehen. Some verbs require a second verb but DON'T use infinitive + zu. The infinitive is the base form of a verb and ends in -en.In German grammar, the infinitive is often used together with a conjugated verb.Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with or without the preposition zu.. With Lingolia’s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use the infinitive without zu. In this case both are possible, because it's obvious that the subject is the same. We are used to modal verbs needing another verb in its infinitive form so that the sentence makes sense: Ich will tanzen I want to dance This includes: all modal verbs, "gehen," "fahren," "bleiben," "lassen," "sehen," and "hören.". Everything about temporal clauses can be found in this lesson. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This applies to all verbs except: modal verbs, gehen, fahren, bleiben, kommen, lassen, sehen, and hören. Additional subordinate conjunctions: "dass," "weil/da," "obwohl," damit," "wenn/falls," "indem," and "so dass.". ab und zu once in a while "zu" + Infinitive. Es ist schön, dich zu kennen. zu-infinitive (plural zu-infinitives) a German infinitive form created by adding or infixing the particle zu and used in subordinate clauses abgeben → abzugeben vorbereiten → vorzubereiten; Usage notes . Instead, they use the subject from the main clause . The separation between the two clauses with a comma is not obligatory but is recommended. We use infinitive + zu when the verb in the main clause is directly related to the verb in the subordinate clause and the subject of the subordinate clause is obvious. She is gone without saying a word. The infinitive phrase should be separated from the main clause with a comma, but it isn't a must. The infinitive phrase must come after the main clause. "zu" is used in colloquial German with the meaning of closed. GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY0MzY= Nouns with to-infinitive 2. Zu Infinitiv Zu + Infinitiv azaz: zu + főnévi igenév. inf. The subject is not the same, and in this case it isn’t obvious either. Helping verbs "haben," "sein," and "werde"“ also don't use infinitive + zu (because they are used to create other tenses). There is hardly anything to do in most of these small towns. Infinitive phrases are subordinate clauses and don't have their own subject. Infinitive clauses are a type of dependent clause that don’t technically have a subject. Instead, they use the subject from the main clause. Also, it's clear that we are talking about me scoring. When the subject has to be mentioned, we can‘t use infinitive + zu: Because there is no subject in an infinitive phrase, it only works when the subject in the infinitive clause is identical to the subject, the accusative object, or the dative object in the main clause. Use a comma to separate the two separate ideas. Sie ist gegangen, ohne ein Wort zu sagen. Infinitive phrases are subordinate clauses and don't have their own subject. I was all alone. Infinitive phrases are subordinate clauses, so the verb goes at the end. "Versuchen" is directly related to "treffen." Infinitive clauses usually sound better because they are shorter and less complicated. Basically it is like having an extra half to a sentence that isn’t complete, as it doesn’t show who is acting, stuck to the end of another sentence. : It's nice to know you. I had no one to talk to. : Der Kellner verbietet dem Mann, im Restaurant zu rauchen. While theoretically any infinitive with zu could be considered a zu-infinitive (for example: haben → zu haben), this term is used primarily to refer to separable verbs with the zu particle infixed after the prefix. Because there is no subject in an infinitive phrase, it only works when the subject in the dass-clause is obvious. Introduction. The phrases that use “zu” plus an infinitive are called infinitive clauses. English. Instead, they use sentence brackets. Expressions. Infinitiv mit zu. A general overview of subordinate clauses. Übung zu+Infinitiv Übung der zu+Infinitiv-Konstruktionen ID: 297524 Language: German School subject: Deutsch als Fremdsprache (DaF) Grade/level: 6 Age: 12+ Main content: Grammatik Other contents: zu+Infinitiv Add to my workbooks (6) Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp:

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