So began the final phase of the relationship. After defeating Italy and Germany in the North African Campaign (November 8, 1942-May 13, 1943) of World War II (1939-45), the United States and … Germany Pressures other States to Join the Axis In July 1940, just weeks after the defeat of France, Hitler decided that Nazi Germany would attack the Soviet Union the following spring. Almost every country in the world participated in World War II.Most were neutral at the beginning, but only relatively few nations remained neutral to the end. The Italians ended up on the winning side at the end of World War 2, but this really was down to the people protesting in the streets and clamoring for the downfall of their incompetent leader. Italy was only able to produce 11,508 aircraft between 1940–1943. It seemed that only Mussolini and his Fascist cronies were interested in fighting, and so in 1940 Italy started out on the attempt to conquer the Mediterranean with troops that had no faith in their commanders or a desire to fight. Italy entered World War II on the Axis side on June 10, 1940, as the defeat of France became apparent. Italy allied itself with Germany during World War II. On October 13, 1943, Italy declared war on its former partner. The Second World War pitted two alliances against each other, the Axis powers and the Allied powers; the U.S having served 16 million men, Germany serving 13 million, the Soviet Union serving 35 million and Japan serving 6 million. Although Italy continued to utilize the biplane well into World War II, many people are surprised to learn that Italy was the second country to test a jet-powered aircraft: the Campini Caproni CC.2 made its debut flight May 28, 1940. Thousands of Italian prisoners of war were rounded up and shot, arguably one the biggest war crimes committed by the German Army in World War Two. While Mussolini understood that peace was essential to Italy’s well-being, that a long war might prove disastrous, and that he must not “march blindly with the Germans,” he was beset by concerns that the Germans “might do good business cheaply” and that by not intervening on their side in World War II he would lose his “part of the booty.” The new Italian government made peace with the Allies and switched sides. The Italian government was no longer on Germany’s side, but they had a leader to rally other Italians behind. Meanwhile, German troops and sympathetic Italians continued to fight the Allies. It would not take long for the co-belligerent forces of Italy to reorganize and contribute to the war effort against Germany. If Mussolini had been allowed to remain in power, then Italy’s fortunes might have turned out very differently. Italy Divided. Role in World War II. In truth, Italy seemed uninterested in war from the start. The announcement of Italy’s entrance in the War was not met with enthusiasm, but despair. World War 2 (WWII) was the Second World War of the 20 th Century, but more so than the first, was truly a global war in nature. The generally acknowledged dates of the War by Western countries ranges from 1939 through 1945; however, the more progressive view includes the start of the war when Japan invaded China earlier in the 1930s. Italy under B. Mussolini was an on the side of Germany, except for the very last months of the war.
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