Structural analysis helps students decode, spell, and comprehend unfamiliar words by breaking them down into parts. As a result of structural analysis instruction, students learn that . <> Word parts contribute to the overall meaning of a word. As students develop the ability to recognize sound-symbol correspondences and learn to automatically decode simple words, they will also progress to reading more advanced texts through which they will be exposed to increasingly complex, multisyllabic words ( Elementary Literacy , 2011). endobj What is Structural Analysis in Reading? <> Structural analysis is important in all levels of reading, but it is especially important for a reader who does not have a large vocabulary or who is beginning to learn certain words. stream Structural analysis. stream Nagy, Osborn, Winsor, & O'Flahavan Structural Analysis - 1 Abstract Because students encounter a steady stream of new words in their reading, structural analysis--the ability to gain information about the meaning, pronunciation, and part of speech of new words from their It is a key skill for young students as it helps them make connections between words. This process, which is referred to as ponding, mostly occurs in flat roofs and roofs with pitches of less than 0.25 in/feet. Definition: Structural analysis is the process of recognizing unknown words by using knowledge of word structure. Reading Rockets: Root Words, Roots, & Affixes, Balanced Literacy Diet: Spelling & Word Study, Beyond the Word: An Orthographic Learning Journey, http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html, Inflectional endings (the –ed in walked, the –s in dogs), Explicit instruction in breaking words into parts to improve decoding speed and accuracy, Explicit instruction in the meaning of word parts to improve vocabulary and comprehension, Word families that help students apply their understanding of meaningful parts to many words (cycle, motorcycle, unicycle, bicycle, tricycle, cyclist), Read-aloud, pointing out and discussing new words, Giving children a chance to decode (sound out) independently before providing the word, unless words are irregular in which case you can supply the unfamiliar word, Play with words (antonyms, synonyms, etc. share the same base or root word, sign. The decoding strategies in structural analysis aid students in learning parts of words (prefixes, suffixes) so they can more easily decode unknown multi-syllabic words. Word parts contribute to the overall meaning of a word. It includes definitions and examples. Examples of retaining walls include gravity walls, can endobj A student with a high level of structural analysis skill will be able to pick up new vocabulary terms more quickly, as she will understand how words affect one another and be better equipped to derive meaning from unfamiliar words. 3 0 obj Defining Structural Analysis Structural analysis is the process of calculating and determining the effects of loads and internal forces on a structure, building or object. Structural engineers design, and assess structure to ensure that they are efficient and stable. Features. Structural Analysis . x Are there prefixes and suffixes added to the base word? Although the meaning suggested by the word parts may not be exact, this process can often help you understand the word well enough that you can continue reading without significant interruption. endobj Elementary Literacy (2011, p. 12) gave some ideas of what instruction of word and structural analysis looks like in different grades, “First grade students will learn compounds, simple contractions, and some word endings. The goal of the structural analysis strand of Lexia Core5 Reading is to develop skills to read, spell, and understand multisyllabic words often found in literature as well as in the domains of math, history, and science. Downloadable Resources: Kansas Reading Assessment Resource: This handout contains a complete list of all tested prefixes, suffixes, and roots for grades 3 - HS. This report reviews research Instruction of word and structural analysis looks different at different grade levels. 1 0 obj x�}�Ɏ1D���:�a�N�;W�"�d������6�4�ȩ(z��&�)Ը�X\T�Z#�V_-�.����D5Iu�3U�M-�����2�����!�1�ś\*�ފ�� �-�t,� ���"���M��x�E�j��#�'/�bj����w��}z�����;2I��Mr��C ��n(%���>�߰�I��_�@O� and . Structural engineering has existed since humans first started to construct their own house. Structural analysis is a learning strategy. What is the approach to developing Structural Analysis in Lexia Core5 Reading? <> READING STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS . Word parts contribute to the overall meaning of a word. Structural Analysis is particularly important for structural engineers to ensure they completely understand the … 4 0 obj Knowing the parts of a word and the roots of the word can help readers, especially those people who are in a primary education setting, learn the way that words work within sentences. /Contents 4 0 R>> Structural analysis is the analysis of word structure. Structural analysis is a strategy that can be used to facilitate decoding as students become more proficient readers. 5 0 obj endstream In order to derive the meanings of words, it is helpful to analyze the structure of the words in English: x Is there a Latin or a Greek root word ? x Is the word a base word that can stand alone? %PDF-1.4 Structural analysis is a powerful vocabulary tool since knowledge of a few word parts can give you clues to the meanings of a large number of words. The following activities will help readers practice using structural analysis. A detailed evaluation intended to assure that, for any structure, the deformations will be sufficiently below allowable values that structural failure will not occur. Structural analysis is dividing words into parts to discover what an unknown word means. <>>><>>>] ), Provide access to books and different forms of literature. Structural analysis: the study of affixes, base words, and roots. /Group <> What does Word & Structural Analysis Development look like in the classroom? signal. Many words in … Suffix: a grammatical ending added to a root or base word that modifies its meaning. Structural analysis is dividing words into parts to discover what an unknown word means. Because students encounter a steady stream of new words in their reading, structural analysis--the ability to gain information about the meaning, pronunciation, and part of speech of new words from their prefixes, roots, and suffixes--is an important component of skilled reading. Components: As students progress through word study instruction, they are signature. x�]R�n�0��>��L�%�DI�8���~ �%E*r�ﻻvҪHX�gvVk?/���Ῑ��`]�[�x5 �3\z��P�}����PO���j�Jݍ^���x6/f�����������|���4}� z�����}���@�,ۖ-��˺E�u�^�,���IQ����Yd����C�K�_�%q�8>�!J"V!2&bGģ%r"H��D��\}2EL1n��h�j���e��"a*H����:��d��9c���[�X1~��"�3�g��Ñ�;O��.
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