Although there have been no confirmed cases of erucic acid toxicity in humans, high levels of erucic acid have been linked to the formation of fatty deposits in heart muscle in animals. This acid causes a high risk to human health like cardiovascular issues, respiratory issues, diarrhea, anaemia, cancer and death in severe cases. Mustard oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, but it also contains a special type of fatty acid called erucic acid, which lies at the center of the controversy surrounding the oil. Medicinal uses for erucic acid. Erucic Acid is mono saturated omega-9 fatty acid. Mustard oil consists of 42 % of it. Erucic Acid. Canola oil contains only trace amounts of erucic acid and its unique fatty acid profile, rich in oleic acid and low in saturated fats, makes it particularly beneficial for the prevention of heart disease. These effects can be toxic at times. Rape seed oil is toxic because it contains significant amounts of a poisonous substance called erucic acid. A composition with 50% of the very long-chain unsaturated FFA erucic acid caused high toxicity with concomitant peroxisomal H 2 O 2 production. Because of the dangers that may come from ingesting or cooking with these plant oils, wellness experts recommend purchasing plant oils rich in erucic acid for massage or therapeutic purposes. The confusion involves erucic acid, a substance in traditional rapeseed that has been linked with structural changes in heart tissues and other problems in animals. Seeds from the brassica family of plants, which includes rapeseed and mustard, in addition to cabbage and kale, all contain varying amounts of erucic acid. Erucic acid is a substance naturally found in some plant-derived oils, primarily in some varieties of mustard seed oil and high erucic acid rapeseed oil. When consumed in high doses, it shows effect on heart. The toxicity of FFAs to human EndoC-βH1 beta-cells was dampened in mixtures of FFA compositions with a significant content of medium-chain FFAs, but not with a significant proportion of unsaturated FFAs. The toxicity of erucic acid is virtually always considered in the context of the toxicity of rapeseed and mustard seed oils, which can contain high levels of erucic acid. But canola has been specifically bred to be very low in erucic acid. Is canola oil “toxic,” as many people warn? Most humans would be exposed to erucic acid by the inclusion of these oils in the diet. No. Critics of canola oil are quick to point out that it is derived from rapeseed, many species of which contain high levels of erucic acid, a substance that in large amounts can be toxic to humans, according to Mayo Clinic nutritionist Katherine Zeratsky, a registered and licensed dietician 1.
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