These empires were land-based, meaning they focused their attention predominantly on land-based expansion or administration and did not express interest in controlling overseas territory. What is a land-based empire? Overview of the Document-Based Question (DBQ), Understanding the Process of Writing a DBQ, Unit 1: The Global Tapestry (c. 1200-c. 1450), Unit 2: Networks of Exchange (c. 1200-c. 1450), Unit 3: Land-Based Empires (c. 1450 to c. 1750), Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections (c. 1450 to c. 1750), Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization (c. 1750 to c. 1900), Unit 7: Global Conflict (c. 1900 to the present), Unit 8: Cold War and Decolonization (c. 1900 to the present), Unit 9: Globalization (c. 1900 to the present), The Global Tapestry AND Networks of Exchange, Land-Based Empires and Transoceanic Interconnections, Revolutions and Consequences of Industrialization, Global Conflict, The Cold War, Decolonization and Globalization, Government Developments in the Song Dynasty, Economic Developments in China, 1200-1450, Events that occurred along the Silk Roads, Expansion of Empires and Ideas along this route, Diffusion of Scientific/Technological Innovations, Environmental Consequences of Connectivity, Great Works of Art, Monuments, and Pretty Buildings, Internal and External Challenges to State Power, Maratha (Hindu warriors) vs. Mughal Empire (Muslim), Indigenous Tribes vs. British Colonists (Metacom’s War), Glorious Revolution: English Protestants vs. English Catholics, Key philosophers led the way with new ideas, So… what was actually going on at this time? 1. So, pump your brakes on the European Empires. Used … What is a Land-Based Empire? But there are a few key features of these empires. LAND BASED EMPIRES. The Land Based Empires are the major players in this period. Let’s meet the land-based empires (While these are the empires which are explicitly listed in the AP World Course description, you can probably think of other empires similar to these. Empires/Rulers developed new ways to legitimize and consolidate their power Used Religious beliefs/ideas: Used to justify their rule GOD PICKED ME!!! In short, these empires formed like any other: Conquest of economically or strategically important areas. While the Columbian Exchange and Columbus’s Voyages capture most of the attention between 1450-1750, at the same time, around the world a number of land empires centralized. BUT, they do ALLUDE to the importance of three others. The term land-based empire--as it explicitly applies to AP World History--refers to empires which existed during the period 1450-1750. They are moving into the outer reaches that are not already dominated by major Land Based Empires. They are not another Chinese dynasty or Russian ruler. These Land Empires are meant to be a topic to compare and contrast with each other and with the Maritime Empires of Unit 4. One notable feature about these empires is that a number of them were the catalyst, if not outright cause, of several new or modified religious movements. It’s easy to jump to Columbus et al and assume the Europeans are taking over. They DO NOT say to know these as Land Based Empires… But, they ARE land based empires that existed in this period… So, here are the final four. These were empires, and, while each empire was run slightly differently with different systems of administration or taxation or military technology, they were absolute monarchies. Although some existed before and after, most are confined to this time period. That’s complicated, and unique to each state. Tokugawa, 1868. PLAY. Formed the territorial base for the modern Chinese state. Empires continued to be absolute, with most maintaining strict political and economic control over their domains. Ottoman Empire, 1919. Settled nomads who were not interested in overseas expansion ruled a few of these states. Why? Look at the map below. , Industrial Decline in Response to European Industrialization, Government Responses to the Great Depression, Causes and Effects of a specific historical development or process, The Relationship between Causes and Effects of a specific Historical Event or Process, Understanding the difference between primary and secondary causes and between short-term and long-term effects, The Historical Significance of Different Causes and/or Effects. They’re not. *ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. Land Based Empires Definition Land Based empires were LARGE CONTINIOUS empires with a LARGE, often ETHNICALLY and CULTURALLY diverse, population Period 4 empires were much more ethnically and religious diverse . These regions did not have a history of state sponsorship of naval activity; for example, merchants may have done most of the overseas trading. They’re not. These empires were different, but a few continuities remained. These are brand new empires for the Early Modern Period: OK. Your teacher might have stopped there. *Pointing out these exceptions in an essay would be an excellent complexity point.*. play trivia, follow your subjects, join free livestreams, and store your typing speed results. My website averages around 2,000 unique visitors each week. ), The Ming and Qing Dynasty in modern China, The Mughal Empire in modern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, The Safavid Empire in modern Iran and Iraq, The Ottoman Empire (some parts of the Ottoman Empire were in Europe) in modern Turkey, Egypt, Syria and Jordan, Aztec Empire (also known as the Mexica, for the dominant cultural group within the empire), 3.0 Overview of Unit 3: Land-Based Empires, Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. Manchu Empire, 1911. This rule has several notable exceptions of course: The Ottoman, Ming and French Empires all sponsored or supported major naval expeditions, and the Tokugawa Shogunate launched a major seaborne invasion of Korea. Rulers continue to use religious ideas to justify their rule, Rulers waged conflicts against other rulers of different religions. But there are a few key features of these empires. 1. Look at the map below. Explain how and why various land-based empires developed and expanded from 1450-1750 Click card to see definition -Imperial expansion relied on the increased use of gunpowder, cannons, and armed trade to establish large empires in both hemispheres -Political and religious disputes led to rivalries and conflict between states Founded in 1644 by the Manchus and ruled China for more than 260 years, until 1912. Although some existed before and after, most are confined to this time period. By the name it may seem obvious, and it is to an extent. Below are some ways in which these empires organized themselves, you may be able to think of others as well. A Note to Fellow AP World Teachers: I make all of my resources available to AP World teachers. Now compare that to the Maritime Empires. But overall, these states focused predominantly on land-based expansion. Another knock against the Europeans in this period (1450-1750), is to look at when the Land Based Empires finally fell. These, Gunpowder technology was getting better, making it easier to use guns. Mughals, 1857. Gunpowder technology was getting better, making it easier to use guns en masse. This guide includes comparisons in unit 3 and unit 4 respectively in addition to comparisons between unit 3 and unit 4. 2. They are still back seat to the Land Based empires. Religion and cultural ideas continued to play a role, and even spread within empires. It’s easy to jump to Columbus et al and assume the Europeans are taking over. Soon the Fiveable Community will be on a totally new platform where you can share, save, and organize your learning links and lead study groups among other students!, 2550 north lake drivesuite 2milwaukee, wi 53211. They are moving into the outer reaches that are not already dominated by major Land Based Empires. 3. But in particular, there are a few unique ways these empires were forged. These should not be confused with democracies or representative governments. There is virtually no overlap (outside of the Americas). The term land-based empire--as it explicitly applies to AP World History--refers to empires which existed during the period 1450-1750. That's a lot of teachers utilizing my materials. These changes were sometimes used or supported by rulers, often to enhance their prestige. Land Based Empires (1450-1750) — Freemanpedia. Empires are complex and multi-dimensional political organizations, land or sea based, and as a result the question of how empires are organized is key to understanding them. Watch: WHAP - Overview of the World 1450-1750, 1453: Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople, Rise of the Ottoman Empire, 1471: Completion of the Sun Temple in Cuzco, rise of the Inca Empire, 1517: Martin Luther publishes 95 Theses, Protestant Reformation begins, 1526: Guru Nanak founded the first Sikh Community, 1682: Palace of Versaille completed in France, 1707: Death of Emperor Aurangzeb, weakening of the Mughal Empire, New military weapons make wars more decisive, Increase in the size and number of Empires, Administrative systems → more resources to expand, Collapse of Nomadic Empires → room for landed empires to expand, Continued spread of major religions associated with empires.
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