The (masonry) Great Wall that we know today was forti?ed during this period, the political capital moved to Beijing and the Forbidden City was built. School of Continuing and Professional Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong Graphic Design for Fashion (3-year Higher Diploma Programme in Fashion Design and Product Development) 100. These dialects include Wu (Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang area); Yue, also known as Cantonese (Hong Kong and Guangzhou region); and Kejia/Hakka (southern Fujian, Taiwan).China's 100 million minority people (defined as non-Han) belong to 55 distinct "nationalities." "Beijing is China's bustling capital and its cultural, economic and communications center. Full branding or tailor-made visual identity to suit your need. Minimum 1 – 2 years in graphic design or equivalent. Chinese inventions included paper, printing, gunpowder, porcelain, silk and the compass, to name just a few. Sweeping reforms sought to redress the imbalances of China's imperial past and imbue the people with the values of collectivism and communalism. Typical of the many Chinese graphic designers who also count themselves as artists, he notes: "In painting, nature is my master, from which I try to depict different aspects and textures, such as clouds, mountains, waterfalls, rivers and the like. Hon Bing-wah says of his posters, "I often include ideograms, patterns and motifs which are derived from nature or Chinese classical philosophy, but merged with international visual language. "A MATTER OF LANGUAGECentral to China's cultural identity is its written language, the language of the Han people. This variance in philosophical premise lies behind the reason that China is not a signatory to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, for example, and it carries through into contemporary trade negotiations and treaties. "—Xu Funing, Research and study of our own traditional culture is the key to establishing a significant graphic design style, thus enabling us to take part in world design activity and make a worthwhile contemporary contribution. In the mid-sixteenth century, Portugal took control of the territory of Macau and thereafter rivalry among seafaring western colonial powers began to impact China directly.The Qing dynasty (1644–1911) was Manchurian, marked by a government even more conservative and inflexible than that of the Ming. Understanding culture is imperative and a prerequisite for effective communication (this seems to be better understood in China than in many other places). Joined ICSID World School Services. Poor peasants and revolutionary fighters were suddenly held in esteem, while rich landlords and educated elites faced punishment and demotion.During the 1950s, China's transition to Socialism entailed a series of "Five Year Plans" designed to achieve industrialization, collectivization of agriculture and political centralization. Hong Kong, the former bridge between east and west before reverting to Chinese control in 1997, is now seeing its former influence migrate to Shanghai (a matter of no small concern for the citizens of the former British colony). An urban metropolis of thirteen million, traffic jams clog the city's five ring roads (soon to be six), and neighborhoods echo with the sound of construction. The latter offers a palette of riotous color and an intrinsic understanding of harmony (between point, line, surface, textures) that informs use of contrast, symmetry, rhythm and equilibrium. THE LEGACY OF HANOver 90% of today's Chinese are of Han ethnicity, tracing their origins to the Han dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.), when citizens of the north, central and southern plains and basins of eastern China began to identify themselves as a coherent group. "Pessimists study Russian. and other philosophers of the time contributed doctrine aimed at providing harmony in thought and conduct, stressing virtue and natural order, love for humanity, ancestor worship and reverence for parents. Never before have the masses of the people been so inspired!" Increasing disparity in income levels may become a significant social problem, and a raft of environmental issues (mostly resulting from the massive population) await sustainable solutions—among them, air pollution, water pollution and deforestation. "—Kan Tai-keung. 1970s. Above all, an anthropocentric approach is used to echo public resonance through the visual language." The SARS crisis was another defining moment for this new and untested administration, which has decidedly moved towards greater openness. "China has a vast cultural heritage from which its graphic designers can draw. Chinese social order was patrilineal and patriarchal, a trait still evident today in spite of attempts to make modern Chinese society less male-centric. Minorities are encouraged to maintain and promote their ethnolinguistic heritage and unique traditions, and the government supports the development of written scripts (using pinyin) for languages that have not had a written form.CALLIGRAPHY—WRIT LARGEWritten Chinese communicates concepts through ideographs and pictographs, with each character functioning simultaneously as word and image. Massive billboards line highways and city streets, promoting the new phenomena of real estate, the ubiquitous cell-phone (China is years ahead of North America in its cellular networks) and Western-style consumer products and services. The region is bordered by Guangdong province to the north and the South China Sea to the east, south, and west. Abandoned factories are being converted into SoHo-esque artist colonies, and Internet cafés and new theaters are everywhere.Shanghai is China's economic engine and most populous urban center with a population of seventeen million. Endorsed by the National People's Congress, China's supreme leaders are now president Hu Jintao and prime minister Wen Jiabao, both "young" 60-year-olds who are already recultivating the government's image as the populist advocate of the working person. Concern about western cultural imperialism (through branding, for example) and its hegemonic effect in the world today is a topic much in the minds of Chinese artists and designers. Privately-owned portals supply many of China's 60 million Internet users with their daily Web update, and countless Internet forums have sprung up. In service of this transformation, the Chinese graphic design profession (with its innate power to further understanding) is sure to prosper. Hong Kong Graphic Design Freelancers are highly skilled and talented. Hong Kong's design practitioners recognized early on the role model that they could play for their colleagues on the mainland and on the island of Taiwan, and they are revered for their acumen, experience and the quality of their work.Throughout the events I've been involved with in China, I've been impressed with the support given to graphic design by state and local governments, as well as by civic committees (a scenario that designers in many Western countries can only envy).
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