Titan's largest sea is called the Kraken Mare. Receive news and offers from our other brands? It would be a long time until we send humans there, but right now, NASA is working on a TSSM (Titan Saturn System Mission), which was stated for a 2020 launch. And whether you lived on Titan or Enceladus, life could get lonely — a message sent home would take at least 1 hour and 20 minutes. Scientists think the south pole's plumes come from a potentially life-harboring ocean located beneath the moon's 19- to 25-mile (30 to 40 kilometers) thick ice shell. [Photos of Enceladus, Saturn's Ice Moon]. "If you were in the outer solar system and you had to make an emergency landing, go to Titan," NASA astrobiologist Chris McKay told Space.com. Please refresh the page and try again. There was a problem. There was a problem. Visit our corporate site. During the moon's long summer (Saturn takes 30 years to orbit the sun), its polar regions experience "Texaslike thunderstorms," McKay said. You will receive a verification email shortly. It has lakes of liquid methane, and even weather. The sky on Titan is a perpetual hazy orange during the day (Titan's day is about 16 Earth days). If you lived on Titan, you wouldn't need a pressurized suit to survive; all you'd really need is an oxygen mask and very warm clothing, McKay said. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? Thank you for signing up to Space. "If you build your base fairly close to the tiger stripes, you might have a source of heat you could tap into," Cassini project scientist Linda Spilker told Space.com. New York, Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! In the early 1980s, the Voyager 1 spacecraft analyzed Titan's atmosphere and determined its composition (about 95 percent nitrogen and 5 percent methane), pressure (1.5 times Earth's atmospheric pressure) and temperature (minus 290 degrees F, o]r minus 179 C). But when Cassini was halfway to Titan, Hubble data showed the moon's surface wasn't pure liquid, and may only contain regional seas. Saturn's largest moon Titan has a thick, smoggy atmosphere and is home to vast lakes of liquid methane, which are visible in this image as darker blotches in the moon's upper right. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. With formations that are only several hundreds of yards high, "you're not going to set records climbing mountains on Titan," McKay said. "It's a pretty benign environment," McKay said. Titan has a dense atmosphere of 95 percent nitrogen and 5 percent methane at 1.5 times the air pressure on Earth. Living on Titan, you'd also be safe from cosmic rays and moonquakes. Titan, the cloudy moon of Saturn, is one of the least hostile places (for humans) in the outer solar system. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Receive news and offers from our other brands? Titan has no water, but some scientists wonder if life based on methane might live on Titan. Follow Joseph Castro on Twitter. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. But the moon's tiny gravity (just 1 percent of Earth's) would make walking between these features a bit difficult. The planets line up from 2018 to 2022, which is perfect for an EVEE (Earth-Venus-Earth-Earth) gravity assist to launch the spacecraft towards Saturn, ETA 2029. Saturn's icy moon Enceladus is seen with Titan, the largest Saturnian satellite, in the background in this view from NASA's Cassini spacecraft captured on Feb. 5, 2006. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Despite its diminutive size, the moon has several different types of terrain to see, including craters up to 22 miles (35 km) across, plains and ridges. Visit our corporate site. Enceladus is only about 300 miles (482 km) in diameter, and could easily fit between Los Angeles and San Francisco. (Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute). © You will receive a verification email shortly. Unlike Titan, Enceladus only has a very tenuous atmosphere, so it has no weather or air pressure. Titan, the cloudy moon of Saturn, is one of the least hostile places (for humans) in the outer solar system. Thank you for signing up to Space. A NASA engineer claimed Saturn’s moon Titan could be a home for humans at some point during a Reddit Q&A last week. NY 10036. Here, giant fissures spew plumes of frozen ice particles and cold vapor into space. The moon's icy surface reflects most sunlight, resulting in temperatures averaging minus 330 F (minus 201 C) throughout the day (1.4 Earth days). [How to Live on Titan (Infographic)]. It has lakes of liquid methane, and even weather. Titan’s atmosphere is unbreathable, but if you were standing on Titan you would not need a pressurized space suit, only a breathing mask and protection from the cold. In all, this region produces about 15.8 gigawatts of heat-generated power, which is roughly equivalent to the output of 20 coal-fired power plants. giant fissures spew plumes of frozen ice particles, China's Chang'e 5 enters lunar orbit for historic attempt to return moon samples, The best Cyber Monday deals on Orion telescopes and binoculars, The Celestron Ambassador 80AZ Brass Telescope is now just $899 this holiday, Physicists could do the 'impossible': Create and destroy magnetic fields from afar, The best Cyber Monday deals on Sky-Watcher telescopes and binoculars. Titan is the only moon in our solar system with a dense atmosphere and thick cloud cover. Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Express. (Image: © NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute). If you lived on the side of the moon permanently facing Saturn, you could see the massive planet through the haze. Based on these facts, scientists believed the moon had a global ocean of methane, so when NASA planned the Cassini mission, they designed the Huygens probe as a boat. Titan's surface is covered with dunes and rocks of water ice, and the moon has networks of methane lakes, rivers and seas concentrated at its poles. New York, NY 10036. The best location for a base on Enceladus would be close to its "tiger stripes," which are cracks in the surface at the moon's south pole. Please refresh the page and try again. 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